Poetic and Literary Devices
Poetic and Literary Devices
The repetition of similar sounds, usually a consonant sounds.
Little old lady got mutilated late last night.
A reference to a person, place, or event from another piece of literature, or in history, art or music.
John’s love of candy is his Achilles’ heel
The repetition of similar vowel sounds, in poetry
Thou foster child of silence and slow time. John Keats
A story told in verse, and usually meant to be sung.
Me and Bobby McGee
The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald
Versed written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
If you can look into the seeds of time
And say which grain will grow and which will not
The emotion or sense of a word.
A department store would not be called “Cheap Clothes”, more likely the name would be “Budget Sportswear”.
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.
Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven or to hell
Dictionary definition of a word, the literal meaning.
Movie “star”-a famous actor (denotation-dictionary definition)
Movie “star”-actor adored by fans that leads a glamorous life.
(connotation-sense of the word)
Choosing the perfect word for clarity or effect
Three blind mice
See how they run
They all ran after
the farmer’s wife,
Who cut off their tails
with a carving knife.
Have you ever seen
such a sight in your life,
as three blind mice?
Three rodents with defective vision
Observe their rate of motion.
They all pursued an agriculturist’s spouse.
Who severed their spinal extremities with a common kitchen utensil.
Have you ever observed such a phenomenon in the span of your life
as three rodents with defective vision?
A poem of mourning and lamentation over the death of a loved one.
By Alfred Lord Tennyson
A long narrative poem telling a story about the deeds of a hero
A quote or motto at the beginning of a chapter or story.
This book is to be neither an accusation not a confession, and least of all an adventure, for death is not an adventure to those who stand face to face with it. It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by war.
All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque
Inscription on a headstone. A poem in memory of someone who has died.
This is the verse you gave for me:
Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from the sea,
And the hunter home from the hill.
Requiem by Robert Louis Stevenson
Language that is not meant to be interpreted literally usually makes a comparision.
A scene in a story that disrupts the story to show an earlier event, often a memory of the main character.
Clues or hints in a story that suggest what will happen next. Builds suspense.
The battle in the cemetery in
All Quiet on the Western Front, foreshadows the soldiers deaths.
A poem or verse that does not have meter or pattern.
Psalms in the Bible
Exaggeration or overstatement
Will all great Neptune’s ocean ws this blood clean from my hand?
From Macbeth by William Shakespeare
Language that appeals to any sense or combination of senses.
Cold, wet leaves
Floating on moss-covered water.
And the croaking of frogs—
Cracked bell-notes in the twilight.
Contrast or incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
Poem that expresses the writer’s personal feelings and thoughts.
A comparison between two unlike things, gives added meaning
Morning is a new sheet of paper for you to write on.
Regular pattern or stresses and unstressed syllables in poetry.
As fair art thou, my bonnie lass
So deep in love am I;
And I will love thee still my dear,
Till a’ the seas gang dry. By Robert Burns
A figure of speech in which something very closely related stands for or suggests the thing itself.
Hardhat construction worker
The crown King or Queen
The White House the President
A recurring word, image or phrase
The River Shannon (Angela’s Ashes)
Luck (The Rocking Horse Winner)
Doomed Lovers (Romeo and Juliet)
A story about the gods helps people understand things they cannot see or control.
Poseidon and the Seas
A poem that tells a story.
One who tells a story
First Person-character is in the story. Uses “I statements”
Third Person-Not in the story at all
Outside point of view
An 8 line poemAn
8 line stanza in a poem
A poem written to honor a special
*Person * Event * Season * Occasion
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Ode to the West Wind
The word sound imitates or suggests the meaning
Hiss Clang Rustle Snap
Combines opposites or contradictory ideas/terms
Living death Sweet Sorrow
Wise fool Jumbo shrimp
Reveals a kind of truth, but at first seems untrue
Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor Iron bars a cage;
Minds innocent and quiet take
That for a hermitage…. “To Althea from Prison”
A figure of speech, where an animal, object, idea or force of nature is given a personality or described as if it were human.
“Sad storm, whose tears are in vain.” Percy Shelley
Death or Chance (All Quiet on the Western Front)
Ideas, Information and arguments that appeal to emotions, tries to change your mind
“It is sweet and honorable to die for one’s country.”
Ordinary, straight-forward language, used in speech, newspapers, magazines, essays.
Poem or stanza of 4 lines
A word, phrase or group of lines repeated throughout a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
The arrangement of syllables into a pattern. Gives a poem a musical quality.
Repetition of sounds or words that are close to each other in a poem
Writing that ridicules the weaknesses of people, groups or institutions
A 6 line poem or stanza
The time and place of a story.
A comparison between two unlike things, using like, as, than
Silence will fall like dew
White as a white cow’s milk
More beautiful than the breast of a gull
A 14-line poem
Rhymed Iambic pentameter
3 quatrains and a Couplet
abab cdcd efef gg
An object, person, place or action that has meaning in itself and stands for something larger than itself.
Rose-love and beauty
A figure of speech that substitutes a part for the whole.
All hands on deck
A new set of wheels
The author’s main idea
Author’s purpose or insight
The attitude a writer takes toward the subject or characters.
The choice of words and details.
News Article about
Norman Morrison Poem
Sad or disastrous ending